|Scientific Name:||Boophis xerophilus Glaw & Vences, 1997|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Glaw, F. & Vences, M.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Luedtke, J., Hobin, L. & Coals, L.|
Listed as Least Concern due to its presumed widespread distribution and large population.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species was described from Kirindy Forest in central-western Madagascar, and the Réserve Naturelle Privée de Berenty in extreme southeastern Madagascar. It has also been recorded in Bezà Mahafaly Special Reserve in the southwestern region, at an altitude of 140 m asl (Gardener & Jasper, 2013). The species is expected to occur between these sites, which is reflected in the extensive range map. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 131,826 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is locally common at Kirindy, but there are only a few samples from Berenty and Bezà Mahafaly research station. Due to ongoing declines in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species lives in dry tropical forest and has not been found in cleared areas. It breeds in temporary pools where tadpoles develop quickly (Glos & Linsenmair, 2004).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
Its forest habitat is receding due to subsistence agriculture, timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, livestock grazing, fires and expanding human settlements.
Species in this genus have tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), however currently there have been no negative effects observed within amphibian populations in Madagascar suggesting the Bd strain has a low virulence level (Bletz et al., 2015).
It occurs in Berenty Private Nature Reserve and Kirindy-Mitea National Park, and has recently been found in the Bezà Mahafaly Special Reserve.
Further research is also essential to fully understand the distribution, origin, type and virulence of Bd lineages found in Madagascar (Bletz et al., 2015).
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Boophis xerophilus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T57436A67245303.Downloaded on 23 February 2018.|