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Boophis xerophilus 

Scope: Global
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Mantellidae

Scientific Name: Boophis xerophilus
Species Authority: Glaw & Vences, 1997
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2015-11-26
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N.
Contributor(s): Glaw, F. & Vences, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Luedtke, J., Hobin, L. & Coals, L.
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern due to its presumed widespread distribution and large population.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species was described from Kirindy Forest in central-western Madagascar, and the Réserve Naturelle Privée de Berenty in extreme southeastern Madagascar. It has also been recorded in Bezà Mahafaly Special Reserve in the southwestern region, at an altitude of 140 m asl (Gardener & Jasper, 2013). The species is expected to occur between these sites, which is reflected in the extensive range map. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 131,826 km2.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Madagascar
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):140
Upper elevation limit (metres):140
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is locally common at Kirindy, but there are only a few samples from Berenty and Bezà Mahafaly research station. Due to ongoing declines in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species lives in dry tropical forest and has not been found in cleared areas. It breeds in temporary pools where tadpoles develop quickly (Glos & Linsenmair, 2004).
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There are no records of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its forest habitat is receding due to subsistence agriculture, timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, livestock grazing, fires and expanding human settlements.

Species in this genus have tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), however currently there have been no negative effects observed within amphibian populations in Madagascar suggesting the Bd strain has a low virulence level (Bletz et al., 2015).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions
It occurs in Berenty Private Nature Reserve and Kirindy-Mitea National Park, and has recently been found in the Bezà Mahafaly Special Reserve.

Research Needed
Further research is also essential to fully understand the distribution, origin, type and virulence of Bd lineages found in Madagascar (Bletz et al., 2015).

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Boophis xerophilus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T57436A67245303. . Downloaded on 26 September 2016.
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