|Scientific Name:||Boophis mandraka Blommers-Schlösser, 1979|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This is a complex of at least three species (Vallan et al. in press). This account covers only the animals confirmed to be true Boophis mandraka.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Vallan, D., Glaw, F., Scherz, D. & Vences, M.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Luedtke, J. & Hobin, L.|
Listed as Data Deficient because suitable habitat is available both to the north and south of the single confirmed site, thereby creating too much uncertaintly around the limits of its range. In addition, there are continuing doubts as to its taxonomic status.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known with certainty only from Mandraka in central eastern Madagascar at 1,200 m asl. A possible record from Mantadia requires further investigation. Records from Andohahela, Ranomafana, Anjanharibe-Sud, Tsaratanana, and Sorata most likely belong to different undescribed species and are not included in this assessment (F. Glaw pers. comm. November 2015).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is rare in its only proven locality. Due to ongoing declines in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It lives in secondary vegetation at the edge of streams in which it breeds, near degraded rainforest. It is likely to be a forest species persisting in secondary habitat and it is not found in areas without trees.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
Its forest habitat is receding due to subsistence agriculture, timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, invasive spread of eucalyptus, livestock grazing and expanding human settlements.
Species in this genus have tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), however currently there have been no negative effects observed within amphibian populations in Madagascar suggesting the Bd strain has a low virulence level (Bletz et al. 2015).
It is not known from any protected areas.
Improved protection of forest habitats in eastern Madagascar is required.
Further research is essential on the species' taxonomy and to fully understand the distribution, origin, type and virulence of Bd lineages found in Madagascar (Bletz et al. 2015).
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Boophis mandraka. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T57413A84163537.Downloaded on 20 January 2018.|
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