Zachaenus carvalhoi


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Zachaenus carvalhoi
Species Authority: Izecksohn, 1983

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Oswaldo Luiz Peixoto, Débora Silvano
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainties as to its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from the municipality of Santa Teresa, in the state of Espírito Santo, south-eastern Brazil, at 650-675m asl. The limits of its distribution are not known, and it might occur more widely.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a hard species to find, and so its population status is unknown. However, it has been found in the type locality since the initial collection.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in forest, including secondary forest (but not in open areas) where it lives in leaf-litter on the forest floor. Assuming that it breeds in the same way as Zachaenus parvulus, the egg clutch is deposited on the ground under leaves, and the terrestrial larvae live and develop in a hole under the leaf-litter.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The area where this species is found is quite well protected (as a biological reserve), but habitat loss is taking place nearby (where it might occur), due to agricultural development, creation of wood plantations, logging, human settlement and tourism.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Reserva Biológica Augusto Ruschi.

Citation: Oswaldo Luiz Peixoto, Débora Silvano 2004. Zachaenus carvalhoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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