Telmatobius culeus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Telmatobiidae

Scientific Name: Telmatobius culeus (Garman, 1875)
Common Name(s):
English Titicaca Water Frog, Lake Titicaca Frog
Spanish Rana del Lago Titicaca, Rana Gigante del Lago Titicaca, Rana Gigante del Titicaca
Telmatobius albiventris Parker, 1940
Telmatobius crawfordi Vellard, 1953
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).
Taxonomic Notes: Telmatobius albiventris and Telmatobius crawfordi were synonymized with this species by Benavides, Ortiz and Sites (2002).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2acde ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Javier Icochea, Steffen Reichle, Ignacio De la Riva, Ulrich Sinsch, Jörn Köhler
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an observed serious population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last three generations, due to over-exploitation, habitat degradation, and invasive species. The generation length is assumed to be five years.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to Lake Titicaca of Peru (Departamento Puno) and Bolivia (Departamento La Paz) at an elevation of 3,810m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Peru
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It was previously common, but it has experienced massive declines, and it is now seriously threatened.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is a wholly aquatic species, with reproduction taking place in shallow waters close to the Lake's shoreline.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is captured for food and medicinal products. All specimens that can be captured are taken.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Major threats include over-harvesting of adults, the presumed predation of larvae by introduced trout, water extraction from the Lake, and domestic and agricultural water pollution. There has been a severe loss of suitable aquatic habitat where reproduction takes place. Although not yet recorded, chytridiomycosis remains a potential future threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is present in the Lake Titicaca Reserve, but measures are needed to maintain suitable aquatic habitat for breeding and to mitigate the impacts of other threats. Captive-breeding programmes around Lake Titicaca are generally considered to have been unsuccessful to date. In Peru, National legislation to treat as "Situación Indeterminada" (Decreto Supremo N° 013-99-AG, May-19.1999) is needed.

Citation: Javier Icochea, Steffen Reichle, Ignacio De la Riva, Ulrich Sinsch, Jörn Köhler. 2004. Telmatobius culeus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57334A11623098. . Downloaded on 20 September 2018.
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