Leptodactylus bolivianus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Leptodactylidae

Scientific Name: Leptodactylus bolivianus Boulenger, 1898
Common Name(s):
English Bolivian White-lipped Frog
Spanish Sapo-rana Boliviano
Cystignathus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gnathophysa ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Leptodactylus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Leptodactylus romani Melin, 1941
Leptognathus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rana ocellata Linnaeus, 1758
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: We follow Heyer (1968, 1974) and Savage (2002) in considering Leptodactylus insularum to be a synonym of L. bolivianus. Further investigations into the taxonomic status of animals from southern South America currently alloted to L. bolivianus is needed.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q., Reynolds, R., Caramaschi, U, Mijares, A., Acosta-Galvis, A., Hardy, J., La Marca, E., Manzanilla, J. & Bolaños, F.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A., Chanson, J.S., Young, B.E. & Stuart, S.N.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in Central America from the lowlands of the Pacific slope of Costa Rica, south through Panama to South America, it is also present on the Caribbean slope of Nicaragua and on Providencia and San Andrés Islands, Colombia and San Miguel and Saboga (Panamá). In South America it has a patchy distribution from Madeira River (Brazil) to the high Magdalena Valley in Colombia and southern Venezuela, southward to Bolivia, and also including Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and Trinidad Island (in Trinidad and Tobago). It occurs up to 1,400m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1400
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is a large, mostly nocturnal species of open grassy areas, humid lowland forest, dry forest, secondary forest, swamps, pasture, drainage ditches and rice fields. It is not present in coffee plantations. The adults live in a burrow retreat, although there is no evidence that they excavate these burrows. It is usually associated with permanent water sources, although may also be found in marshes and temporary ponds. The eggs of the species are laid in foam nests, often hidden in vegetation. The larvae develop in shallow, muddy ponds, where they take refuge under leaves on the bottom. It probably breeds during the early to mid rainy season.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is indigenous use of this species as food.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species; it does not appear to be affected by water pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has been recorded from many protected areas.

Citation: Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q., Reynolds, R., Caramaschi, U, Mijares, A., Acosta-Galvis, A., Hardy, J., La Marca, E., Manzanilla, J. & Bolaños, F. 2008. Leptodactylus bolivianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T57114A11582479. . Downloaded on 28 May 2018.
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