|Scientific Name:||Hylodes phyllodes|
|Species Authority:||Heyer and Cocroft, 1986|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Carlos Frederico da Rocha, Monique Van Sluys, Ana Maria Telles, Jaime Bertoluci|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species is known from Serra do Mar, in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro State, and Ilha Grande, in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. It has been recorded up to 900m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There has been an observed decline at Boracéia, but this appears to have reversed and it is now considered a very common species. It is more common in primary compared to secondary forest.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This diurnal species inhabits primary and secondary forest along streams. Males call next to or over small streams on roots, rocks, and leaves. It breeds, and tadpoles develop in small-forested streams. It has not been collected outside forest habitat.|
Habitat loss due to tourism disturbance and infrastructure development for human settlement is a major threat.
The cause of the observed decline is not known, although this species has recently tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection (Toledo et al., 2006b).
|Conservation Actions:||The range of the species includes several protected areas. More research into the species' Extent of Occurrence and population status is needed, in particular to try and determine what caused the apparent decline.|
|Citation:||Carlos Frederico da Rocha, Monique Van Sluys, Ana Maria Telles, Jaime Bertoluci 2010. Hylodes phyllodes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 May 2015.|
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