Pristimantis supernatis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis supernatis (Lynch, 1979)
Common Name(s):
English El Carmelo Robber Frog
Eleutherodactylus supernatis Lynch, 1979
Eleutherodactylus supernatis Lynch, 1979
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-10-28
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, John Lynch, Diego Almeida, Fernando Nogales
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in the Colombian and Ecuadorian Andes.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species can be found from the southern Cordillera Central, from Nevado de Huila, Colombia to extreme northern Ecuador, at 2,280 -3,500m asl. The central and northern Cordillera Central records (Antioquia-Tolima departments) and the Cordillera Occidental records (Jericó, Antioquia departments), correspond to a different species, E. permixtus. In Ecuador, it is now known from two localities, El Carmelo and El Chamizo in Carchi Province.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Ecuador
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):2280
Upper elevation limit (metres):3500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It was abundant in the 1970s and 1980s throughout its range. Since then, only a few individuals have been found in Ecuador, at El Chamizo, in Carchi Province in 2000.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species occurs in cloud forest, sub-páramo, and páramo areas. It has been found beneath rocks, logs, or in deep grass. It has also been reported as being associated to streams, bromeliads, leaf litter and vegetation up to 3m high (Mueses-Cisneros, 2005). At night, specimens are active on vegetation (Lynch 1979d). It is presumed to breed by direct development, but the site of egg deposition is not known. It occurs in old-growth and secondary forest.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat loss caused by logging and agricultural development (livestock and illegal crops).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in Parque Nacional Natural Puracé and Parque Nacional Natural Nevado de Hulia in Colombia. It is not recorded from any protected areas in Ecuador.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, John Lynch, Diego Almeida, Fernando Nogales. 2010. Pristimantis supernatis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56985A11551206. . Downloaded on 21 June 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided