Pristimantis spilogaster 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis spilogaster (Lynch, 1984)
Common Name(s):
English Gambita Robber Frog
Eleutherodactylus spilogaster Lynch, 1984
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from the western slopes of the Cordillera Oriental, in the vicinity of Bogotacito, on the Duitama-Charalá road, in Gambita Municipality, Santander Department, Colombia, from 2,200-2,400m asl. It might occur a little more widely than current records suggest.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a rare species.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs in very humid cloud forests on vegetation in the low stratum. Although commonly found in the forest interior, it has also been recorded from secondary forest. Breeding is by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat loss caused by agricultural development (particularly livestock farming) and pine plantations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range does not include any protected areas, though it may occur in the Santuario de Fauna y Flora Guanentá Alto Río Fonce. There is a need for improved protection of cloud forest habitat within the range of this species.

Citation: Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo. 2004. Pristimantis spilogaster. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56974A11562056. . Downloaded on 17 October 2017.
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