|Scientific Name:||Pristimantis simoterus (Lynch, 1980)|
Eleutherodactylus simoterus Lynch, 1980
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Mejía, D., Gómez, D., Castro, F., Vargas-Salinas, F., Gonzalez Duran, G.A., Lynch, J., Bernal, M.H., Herrera, M., Gutierrez, P. & Bolívar, W.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Neam, K., NatureServe|
Listed as Near Threatened because although its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 3,897 km2 and it is experiencing continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat from agriculture and increased fire frequency, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable, it occurs in several protected areas and at more than ten threat-defined locations, and it is considered abundant and stable.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known from the Department of Caldas, south to the Department of Valle del Cauca, Cordillera Central, Colombia. It occurs at elevations from 3,200–4,350 m asl (M. Bernal pers. comm. 2016) and its EOO is 3,897 km2 and it occurs at more than ten threat-defined locations.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The species is an abundant species (Colombia Red List Assessment Workshop August 2016), however due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It occurs in páramo vegetation and is active at night, calling on the ground among grasses and low bushes. During the day it occurs on vegetation or under logs and rocks. Its ability to adapt to modified habitats is uncertain. Breeding is by direct development.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Major threats include habitat loss caused by agriculture activities and cattle grazing and, in particular, intentional burning of the páramo to promote faster grass growth for cattle.|
This species is known from several protected areas, including Parque Nacional Natural Los Nevados, but there are some localized threats, such as agriculture activities and cattle grazing within the park.
Further habitat protection is needed for the species.
More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, ecology, and threats.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Pristimantis simoterus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56967A85885204.Downloaded on 17 January 2018.|
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