Pristimantis simoterus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis simoterus (Lynch, 1980)
Common Name(s):
English Albania Robber Frog
Eleutherodactylus simoterus Lynch, 1980
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Near Threatened because although the species appears not to be in decline, its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5000 km2, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from the departments of Caldas, Risaralda and Tolima on the Cordillera Central, in Colombia, from 2,700-4,350m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The species is very abundant in Parque Nacional Natural Los Nevados and is also common elsewhere.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs in páramo vegetation and is active at night, calling on the ground among grasses and low bushes. During the day it occurs on graminaceous vegetation or under logs and rocks. It also occurs above the tree line and can be found in pastureland, but this is a marginal habitat for the species. Breeding is by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss caused by smallholder livestock grazing and cultivation of crops (some of them illegal) is a threat to it outside protected areas. However, this species is adaptable and much of its range is at altitudes above the level of significant human impact, and so it is not greatly threatened.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Most populations are inside Parque Nacional Natural Los Nevados.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch. 2004. Pristimantis simoterus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56967A11549173. . Downloaded on 23 October 2017.
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