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Pristimantis scoloblepharus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA CRAUGASTORIDAE

Scientific Name: Pristimantis scoloblepharus
Species Authority: (Lynch, 1991)
Synonym(s):
Eleutherodactylus scoloblepharus Lynch, 1991

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the Central Cordillera of the Colombian Andes.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from two localities: one in the municipality of Sonsón and the other in Belmira, both in the department of Antioquia, Colombia. It has been recorded from 2,620-2,800m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Colombia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is an uncommon species.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is restricted to primary forest or slightly disturbed forest, along streams, in dense vegetation. It is also common in areas with waterfalls. This is a nocturnal species, and during the day it is usually found under rocks. Breeding is by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat loss caused by deforestation for agricultural development (including the cultivation of illegal crops). Some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known from any protected areas, and habitat protection is urgently needed given that the species is not tolerant of much disturbance of its habitat.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis scoloblepharus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 August 2014.
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