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Craugastor obesus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA CRAUGASTORIDAE

Scientific Name: Craugastor obesus
Species Authority: (Barbour, 1928)
Taxonomic Notes: This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005). This species was removed from synonymy of Craugastor punctariolus (Campbell and Savage 2000).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Federico Bolaños, Jay Savage, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in Panama and Costa Rica.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs on the Atlantic slopes of south-eastern Costa Rica and north-western Panama at an altitude of 400-1,450m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Costa Rica; Panama
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a rare species in Costa Rica, being recorded very infrequently. The last record for Costa Rica was in 1984, but there have been very few surveys in the region (Gerado Chaves pers. comm.). In Panama it is believed to have declined in the Reserva Forestal Fortuna, Chiriquí.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species can be found in the spray zone on rocks, boulders, and cliff faces in the middle of moderate-sized cascading streams in lowland moist forest, premontane and lower montane wet forest and rainforest. It does not occur in modified habitats. It presumably breeds by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is believed to be the disease chytridiomycosis, and it has already disappeared from one site where chytrid fungus was found.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has been recorded from Parque Internacional La Amistad (Costa Rica and Panama) and two protected areas in Panama, and subpopulations within these seem relatively secure. Further research is needed into the range and ecology of this species, as well as the impact of chytridiomycosis.
Citation: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Federico Bolaños, Jay Savage, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor 2004. Craugastor obesus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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