Eleutherodactylus melacara 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus melacara
Species Authority: Hedges, Estrada and Thomas, 1992
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and Area of Occupancy less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in southeastern Cuba.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has a restricted range in Pico Turquino and Santiago de Cuba Province, Cuba, where it ranges from 845-1,974m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is moderately common in suitable habitat.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is arboreal in closed moist forests. The species breeds in and lays its eggs in bromeliads, and breeds by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat destruction, which is taking place as a result of deforestation for agricultural activities, woodcutting, disturbance from tourists, and infrastructure development for human settlement.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in Parque Nacional Turquino and Parque Nacional La Bayamesa, but there is no management of these areas for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. As such, there is a need for improved and strengthened management of these existing protected areas.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz. 2004. Eleutherodactylus melacara. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56754A11531680. . Downloaded on 28 November 2015.
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