Craugastor megacephalus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Craugastor megacephalus (Cope, 1875)
Eleutherodactylus megacephalus (Cope, 1875)
Hylodes megacephalus (Cope, 1875)
Lithodytes megacephalus Cope, 1875
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This species was formerly allocated to the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith, 2005). Craugastor megacephalus (Cope, 1875), an intermediate-sized frog ranging from Honduras to central Panama, is the more common species to which the name biporcatus has usually been applied (Savage and Myers 2002).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-12-23
Assessor(s): Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Federico Bolaños, Javier Sunyer
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species can be found in the Atlantic versant from extreme southeastern Honduras to western Panama (including the Bocas del Toro Islands), at elevations of 1-1,200m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1
Upper elevation limit (metres):1200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is relatively common in Costa Rica, although populations have shown some decline at La Selva (Federico Bolaños, pers. comm.; Whitfield et al., 2007). It is rare in Honduras and Panama at the edges of its range.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It inhabits humid lowland and montane forest. It reproduces in the leaf-litter via direct development and it tolerates habitat disturbances.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss by the destruction of natural forests is a major threat to this species. At La Selva, declines seem to be driven by climate-driven reductions in quantity of standing leaf litter (Whitfield et al., 2007).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is found in several protected areas.

Citation: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Federico Bolaños, Javier Sunyer. 2010. Craugastor megacephalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56751A11531179. . Downloaded on 21 May 2018.
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