Eleutherodactylus iberia


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus iberia
Species Authority: Estrada and Hedges, 1996

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 100km2, it is known from fewer than five localions, and the extent of its forest habitat in Holguin Province, Cuba, is declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The smallest frog in world, this species occurs only in Holguin Province in eastern Cuba from sea level up to 600m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is common in suitable habitat.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in closed rainforest on poorly drained soil, and maintenance of local humidity is critically important for its survival. It breeds by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened mainly by habitat loss as a result of the deforestation taking place from subsistence farming and wood collecting.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Parque Nacional Alejandro de Humboldt, but even this protected area is subject to the effects of habitat loss. Maintenance of the remaining suitable habitat and improved protection of existing protected areas is essential.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Eleutherodactylus iberia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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