Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus iberia
Species Authority: Estrada & Hedges, 1996
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 100km2, it is known from fewer than five localions, and the extent of its forest habitat in Holguin Province, Cuba, is declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The smallest frog in world, this species occurs only in Holguin Province in eastern Cuba from sea level up to 600m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is common in suitable habitat.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in closed rainforest on poorly drained soil, and maintenance of local humidity is critically important for its survival. It breeds by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened mainly by habitat loss as a result of the deforestation taking place from subsistence farming and wood collecting.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Parque Nacional Alejandro de Humboldt, but even this protected area is subject to the effects of habitat loss. Maintenance of the remaining suitable habitat and improved protection of existing protected areas is essential.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz. 2004. Eleutherodactylus iberia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56660A11500015. . Downloaded on 07 October 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided