Strabomantis bufoniformis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Strabomantis bufoniformis
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1896)
Common Name(s):
English Rusty Robber Frog
Craugastor bufoniformis (Boulenger, 1896)
Eleutherodactylus bufoniformis (Boulenger, 1896)
Hylodes bufoniformis Boulenger, 1896
Limnophys bufoniformis (Boulenger, 1896)
Taxonomic Notes: This species was previously within the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith, 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Jaramillo, C., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Fuenmayor, Q., Castro, F. & Grant, T.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the humid lowlands from southeastern Costa Rica of the southern Atlantic versant to western Colombia (from Choco southwards to Valle del Cauca departments as well as Gorgona Island in Cauca department); in Costa Rica it is known only from extreme southern Limón Province.
Colombia; Panama
Possibly extinct:
Costa Rica
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a rarely seen species in Mesoamerica, and it is relatively uncommon in Colombia. In streams on Gorgona Island they are quite common. In Costa Rica, this species has not been recorded since 1978 despite extensive surveys in the historical range and may be extinct in this country (Federico Bolaños and Gerardo Chaves pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a nocturnal, riparian, primary forest species of lowland moist and wet forests. The species reproduces through direct development. It is has not been recorded outside mature forest.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): General habitat loss through deforestation and pollution of waterways are localized threats, but there are no major threats to the species overall at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has been recorded from many protected areas in Panama, two in Costa Rica (although it has not been recorded in this country since 1978), and a few in Colombia.

Citation: Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Jaramillo, C., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Fuenmayor, Q., Castro, F. & Grant, T. 2008. Strabomantis bufoniformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 03 September 2015.
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