Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus adelus
Species Authority: Diaz, Cadiz & Hedges, 2003
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on Cuba.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is currently known only from the type locality: Loma del Espejo, Alturas de Pizarras del Sur, Sabanas Llanas, Pinar del Río, in western Cuba. It was collected at 130m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is moderately common but is a very cryptic species.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in open, secondary pine forest, with a herbaceous vegetation layer primarily comprising Lycopodiella sp., ferns (Pteris sp.), and grass (Eleocharis sp.). The soil is acidic and is derived from sandstone. It is found on the ground under leaf-litter and other cover. It has not been recorded outside forest habitat. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to this species is habitat loss due to fires and clear-cut logging of the forest.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range includes a forest reserve, but there is no management of this area for conservation. There is an urgent need for effective and expanded protection of the pine forest habitat of this species.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz. 2004. Eleutherodactylus adelus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56397A11462471. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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