Smilisca phaeota


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Smilisca phaeota
Species Authority: (Cope, 1862)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Manuel Morales, John Lynch, Federico Bolaños
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs on the Atlantic slope of northeastern Honduras, through Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama to northern Colombia; and on the Pacific versant from central Costa Rica to southwestern Panama and from El Valle de Anton, Cocle Province, Panama, to Colombia. In South America, it occurs in the Pacific lowlands of Colombia and western Ecuador, and around the northern slopes of the Western and Central Cordilleras in Colombia to the Middle Magdalena Valley. It occurs from sea level up to at least 1,600m asl (Costa Rica).
Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This is an abundant species throughout its range.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits humid lowland forest, where usually they are found in secluded sites at the edge of, or in, shallow temporary pools and occasionally at the edges of streams or large ponds. It tolerates substantial forest disturbance, and lives on forest edge and in open country, even where there are few trees. It breeds in small, usually temporary pools, even in footprints of cattle, and avoids larger ponds as breeding sites.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is not facing any significant threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in many protected areas.
Citation: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Manuel Morales, John Lynch, Federico Bolaños 2004. Smilisca phaeota. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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