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Crocidura usambarae

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA EULIPOTYPHLA SORICIDAE

Scientific Name: Crocidura usambarae
Species Authority: Dippenaar, 1980
Common Name(s):
English Usambara Shrew

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Howell, K. & Hutterer, R.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is probably less than 5,000 km², its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
History:
2004 Endangered
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Insufficiently Known (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Insufficiently Known (IUCN 1990)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Crocidura usambarae is endemic to Tanzania. It is found in the Western and Eastern Usambara Mountains and the South Pare Mountains, in the north-east of the country. It may also be present in the south-western Ngozi Crater (Stanley et al. 1996; Stanley et al 2000). A skin recorded from the Poroto Mountains in southern Tanzania may belong to a different species (R. Hutterer pers. comm.). Its elevational range is likely to be 1,500-2,000 m asl. In the Usambara Mountains it is found below 2,000 m asl due to the lack of forest above that altitude. It is found at 2,000 m in the Para Mountains.
Countries:
Native:
Tanzania, United Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Surveys in the last 10 years have recorded C. usambarae.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: C. usambarae is found in montane tropical moist forest.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): C. usambarae is threatened by continuing encroachment by people into the small forest patches it inhabits. Mining is a particular threat in the Eastern Usambaras.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in some forest reserves. There is a need to maintain areas of suitable montane forest habitat for this species. Additional studies are needed into the species natural history.

Citation: Howell, K. & Hutterer, R. 2008. Crocidura usambarae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 July 2014.
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