Osteopilus ocellatus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Osteopilus ocellatus
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name/s:
English Jamaican Laughing Frog
Hyla brunnea Gosse, 1851
Osteopilus brunneus (Gosse, 1851)
Rana ocellata Linnaeus, 1758
Trachycephalus scutigerus Cope, 1863

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, it is common and reasonably adaptable with a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Jamaica, where it is widespread throughout the country, except in the southern parts. It has been recorded up to 1,500 m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a common species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits open woods, parkland, and montane forests, usually associated with bromeliads, which are used for retreat and calling sites. It is mainly arboreal. It can tolerate some degree of habitat disturbance, for example it can live in good secondary forest as long as there are bromeliads. It lays its eggs in bromeliads, and the tadpoles also develop there.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation for agriculture, human settlement, tourist development and selective logging is a localized threat,. Suitable secondary forest habitats are starting to develop at mid-elevations in Jamaica, due to abandonment of farms, and so in some places it might be increasing. It is mainly the coastal areas that's habitats are being affected the worst at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range includes a protected area and several forest reserves, although they are not well managed at present.
Citation: Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson 2004. Osteopilus ocellatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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