Duellmanohyla lythrodes


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Duellmanohyla lythrodes
Species Authority: (Savage, 1968)
Taxonomic Notes: Further taxonomic work is needed to finally determine whether Duellmanohyla lythrodes is a synonym of Duellmanohyla rufioculis (Federico Bolaños pers. comm. 2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Jay Savage, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor, Federico Bolaños
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the humid lowlands of the Atlantic versant in southern Costa Rica and adjacent north-western Panama, from 170-440m asl (Savage 2002).
Costa Rica; Panama
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a rare species known only from three specimens.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The few known specimens have been collected on low vegetation (approximately 3m above ground) within humid lowland forest. The species may be associated with headwater streams (Savage 2002). Larval development is presumed to take place in these streams.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to the species is general habitat loss due to deforestation for smallholder farming activities, logging, and human settlement. Chytridiomycosis is also a potential threat to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has not been recorded from any protected areas, and the lowland forest habitat of this species is in urgent need of protection. Further research is needed to determine the current population status of this species, and whether it is at risk of infection with chytrid.
Citation: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, Gerardo Chaves, Jay Savage, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor, Federico Bolaños 2004. Duellmanohyla lythrodes. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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