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Cruziohyla calcarifer

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA HYLIDAE

Scientific Name: Cruziohyla calcarifer
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1902)
Common Name/s:
English Splendid Treefrog
Taxonomic Notes: This species was previously within the genus Agalychnis but has recently been moved to the new genus Cruziohyla (Faivovich, et al., 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Brian Kubicki, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Jay Savage, Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Gunther Köhler, Brian Kubicki, Federico Bolaños
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Although this species is known only from isolated records from a large area, it is almost certainly severely under-recorded since it is a canopy species with a soft call, and it is therefore listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the Atlantic versant from eastern Honduras to central Panama, and on the Pacific slope from eastern Panama through the Pacific lowlands of Colombia (two known localities in Choco Department) to northwestern Ecuador. It has been recorded below 750m asl (Brian Kubicki pers. comm.).
Countries:
Native:
Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is often considered to be a rare species, although more likely it is under-recorded, since it is a canopy species and has a very soft call (Brian Kubicki pers. comm.). Only occasional individuals are seen from time to time.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A nocturnal, canopy species that inhabits primary humid lowland forest. Specimens have been found in the forest canopy and understorey above a headwater streamlet on a forested ridge. They have been seen at night on leaves and trunks of trees. It generally lives in the canopy, coming down only to breed. It breeds in tree holes and in small pools without fish. Eggs are deposited in the water-filled crevices and cavities of fallen trees; larvae develop in these pools. The same breeding site may be used until it is filled by falling debris (eg. leaves). It has been recorded only from undisturbed forest.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. The known localities in Ecuador are facing considerable human pressure. This species occurs at too low densities to be of interest to the international pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has been recorded in protected areas in Ecuador but not in Colombia. It has been recorded from several protected areas in Central America.
Citation: Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Brian Kubicki, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Jay Savage, Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Gunther Köhler, Brian Kubicki, Federico Bolaños 2004. Cruziohyla calcarifer. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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