Phyllobates lugubris


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Phyllobates lugubris
Species Authority: (Schmidt, 1857)
Common Name(s):
English Lovely Poison-arrow Frog, Lovely Poison Frog
Dendrobates lugubris Schmidt, 1857
Hylaplesia lugubris (Schmidt, 1857)
Phyllobates beatriciae Barbour & Dunn, 1921

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q., Young, B.E. & Bolaños, F.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from humid lowlands and marginally in the premontane zone of the Atlantic versant from extreme southeastern Nicaragua to central Panama (including islands in the Bocas del Toro Province), a single specimen from just west of the Panama Canal, from 10-601m asl (Savage, 2002).
Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is uncommon in northern Costa Rica, but more common in the south; presumably, it is also common in Panama.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a terrestrial, diurnal species of humid lowland forest; it may be present in secondary growth and plantations. Adults are often found in the rocky sections of forest streams. Eggs are deposited in dry leaf-litter; the males transport hatching tadpoles to forest streams to complete metamorphosis.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): General habitat loss occurs by the destruction of natural forests and water pollution. In Costa Rica, there is some illegal collection of thi species for the international pet trade, however this is at a low level and probably does not constitute a major threat (Federico Bolaños pers. comm. 2007). Museum specimens of this species have been found to have chytrid fungi; the current impact of this pathogen on populations is unclear.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species has been recorded from three protected areas in Panama and three in Costa Rica. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Citation: Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q., Young, B.E. & Bolaños, F. 2008. Phyllobates lugubris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
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