Epipedobates espinosai


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Epipedobates espinosai
Species Authority: (Funkhouser, 1956)
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomic status of this species is unclear. It seems to be a junior synonym of Epipedobates boulengeri (Coloma pers. comm.), which itself might be a complex of more than one species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing doubts as to its taxonomic validity as well as absence of recent information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from Hacienda Espinosa, at about 350m asl, 9km west of Santo Domingo de los Colorados, in the province of Pichincha in north-western Ecuador.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population status of this species is not known, and it might have disappeared from the type locality as a result of the complete alteration of this area.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: If it still occurs, this species is presumably found in lowland forest. There is no reliable information on its breeding habits, although the larvae are presumably deposited in water for their development, as with other species of the genus.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats to this species are logging and the invasive species Rana catesbeiana.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The range of Epipedobates espinosai does not include any protected areas, and it might no longer occur in the type locality, which has been completely altered. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Citation: Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz 2004. Epipedobates espinosai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.
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