Andinobates virolinensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Andinobates virolinensis (Ruíz-Carranza & Ramírez-Pinilla, 1992)
Common Name(s):
English Santander Poison Frog
Dendrobates virolinensis (Ruíz-Carranza & Ramírez-Pinilla, 1992)
Ranitomeya virolensis (Ruíz-Carranza & Ramírez-Pinilla, 1992)
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Adolfo Amézquita, Jose Vicente Rueda
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Santander Department, Colombia.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in the Santuaro de Fauna y Flora Guanentá, Alto Río Fonce, Río Cañaverales and El Reloj; and also in Municipio de Socorro, Santander Department, Colombia, at 1,700-2,000m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is common, with many recent records.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives on the floor of cloud forest, and only occurs in secondary forest if there is a lot of leaf-litter and bromeliads (since it lays its eggs in leaf-litter and the males bring the larvae to the bromeliads).
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat fragmentation and loss is the main threat, and is taking place primarily due to agricultural expansion. This species is also found in the pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Although it occurs in the Santuaro de Fauna y Flora Guanentá, improved habitat protection is required, and there is a need to monitor and regulate the offtake of this species for international trade. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes.

Citation: Adolfo Amézquita, Jose Vicente Rueda. 2004. Andinobates virolinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55211A11268044. . Downloaded on 22 November 2017.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided