Hyloxalus azureiventris 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Hyloxalus azureiventris (Kneller and Henle, 1985)
Common Name(s):
English Sky Blue Poison Dart Frog, Sky-blue Poison Frog
Spanish Rana Venenosa, Rana Venenosa Azul Cielo
Cryptophyllobates azureiventris (Kneller and Henle, 1985)
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Javier Icochea, Ariadne Angulo, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Stefan Lötters, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jorge Luis Martinez
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from the vicinity of the type locality of Tarapoto-Yurimaguas Road, 700m asl (San Martín Department), Peru. It is presumed to have a restricted distribution.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is not very common.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Its habitat is lowland primary tropical rainforest, and eggs are laid under leaf-litter and the larvae are transported to small streams. Nothing is known about its adaptability to modified habitats.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The source of specimens in trade is not known, but is believed to include some wild caught individuals.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to the species is general habitat loss resulting from various human activities; local people use the area for recreation and there are lots of settlements, with agricultural development, in lower areas. The species has been recorded in trade. Specimens presumably originated from illegal collection by tourists, although they may have been captive bred. However, the species has not been seen in the commercial trade over the last fifteen years.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not present in any protected areas, and there is an urgent need to both encourage the protection of remaining lowland habitat as well as establish a conservation management plan that includes some form of legislation concerning trade.
It is listed on CITES Appendix II (as Cryptophyllobates azureiventris).

Citation: Javier Icochea, Ariadne Angulo, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Stefan Lötters, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jorge Luis Martinez. 2004. Hyloxalus azureiventris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55169A11263017. . Downloaded on 25 May 2018.
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