|Scientific Name:||Allobates olfersioides|
|Species Authority:||(Lutz, 1925)|
Eupemphix olfersioides Lutz, 1925
Phyllobates alagoanus Bokermann, 1967
Phyllobates capixaba Bokermann, 1967
Phyllobates carioca Bokermann, 1967
|Taxonomic Notes:||Based on morphological analyses, Verdade and Rodrigues (2007) allocate all Atlantic Forest species of Allobates to synonymy with Allobates olfersioides.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A2a; B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Ariadne Angulo and Simon Stuart|
Listed as Vulnerable because of a population decline despite its widespread distribution, its association to the highly threatened Atlantic rainforest biome, occurrence in areas affected by human population expansion, and geographic overlap with the chytrid's distribution in Brazil.
|Range Description:||Allobates olfersioides is found in coastal forests of the Atlantic Domain from sea level to about 1000 masl. The species can be found from the north of the state of Alagoas to the south of the state of Rio de Janeiro (between
08 54 S and 23 00 S latitudinal degrees), potentially occurring in Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, state of Minas Gerais (Verdade and Rodrigues, 2007).
Native:Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Sergipe)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It used to be a very common species, but it has recently declined and is now absent from several historical localities in the states of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. The species still appears to be relatively common in northeastern Brazil (V. Verdade, pers. comm. 2008).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Allobates olfersioides is diurnal and lives on the forest floor of primary and secondary forests. The tadpoles hatch in humid terrestrial nests and are carried by their parents to puddles or small rivulets on the forest floor where they feed until metamorphosis. Males are known to carry tadpoles (ca Gosner stage 25) (Verdade and Rodrigues, 2007).
Gravid females were observed in February, April, August, and September, suggesting that reproduction is likely to occur throughout the year. In addition, they have been found to have both mature eggs and developing follicles in the ovaries, which again suggests that they may reproduce more than once during the reproductive season. Females were found to have a maximum of 11 mature eggs (ca 1.5 mm each) and a mean of 8 eggs (Verdade and Rodrigues, 2007). In Bahia, this species was found to have a strong association to bromeliads (Tinoco et al., 2008).
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat loss, due to deforestation and agricultural development, is ongoing, but may not have been severe enough to cause the declines that have been observed. In Bahia, this species was found to be one of the most threatened by environmental loss (Tinoco et al., 2008). Chytridiomycosis could be implicated in declines, specimens from Rio de Janeiro tested positive for chytrids (Carnaval et al., 2006).|
|Conservation Actions:||It is known to occur in several protected areas, such as Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina. Research to determine the causes of the current decline is urgently needed.|
|Citation:||Vanessa Verdade 2010. Allobates olfersioides. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 December 2013.|
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