Nectophrynoides tornieri 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Nectophrynoides tornieri
Species Authority: (Roux, 1906)
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Simon Loader, John Poynton, Kim Howell
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, it is common and adaptable with a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the Usambara, Uluguru, Nguru, Ukaguru, Mahenge and Udzungwa Mountains, and on Mount Rungwe, in eastern and southern Tanzania. It occurs from 300m (Kimboza Forest in the Uluguru foothills) up to at least 1,800m asl. This species will probably be eventually found throughout the Eastern Arc mountain chain. Some records from the West Usambara Mountains, and some of the specimens from the Uluguru Mountains, which are both included here, probably represent two undescribed species.
Countries occurrence:
Tanzania, United Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is one of the most abundant amphibian species in the overall Eastern Arc mountain range.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in lowland and montane forest, and is found low in the vegetation and on the ground. It can tolerate some disturbance to its habitat, and can survive in banana plantations, but probably not in very open areas. It breeds by internal fertilization, the females retaining the larvae internally in the oviduct until little toadlets are born.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its habitat is probably being lost, especially at lower altitudes, due to agricultural encroachment, wood extraction and expanding human settlements. Its habitat in the East Usambaras has recently come under serious threat as a result of the activities of illegal gold miners.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Udzungwa National Park and the Amani Nature Reserve. It is listed on CITES Appendix I.

Citation: Simon Loader, John Poynton, Kim Howell. 2004. Nectophrynoides tornieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54844A11214853. . Downloaded on 30 November 2015.
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