Rhinella sima


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Rhinella sima
Species Authority: (Schmidt, 1857)
Bufo simus Schmidt, 1857
Rhinella simus Schmidt, 1857
Taxonomic Notes: There is significant taxonomic confusion surrounding this taxon. It has been confused with Incilius occidentalis and I. peripatetes in the literature. Taylor (1951) thought it synonymous with I. fastidiosus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Jay Savage
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing problems with its taxonomy as well as absence of recent information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species' original description indicates that it was collected close to the Rio Chiriqui near Bocas del Toro, Panama. This is doubted by Dunn and Stuart (1951) and Savage (1972), who suggested that the true type locality was in South America, possibly Peru or Bolivia. In view of the uncertain distribution of this species it is not possible to map its range.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Its population status is not known.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: There are no details known regarding its habitat and ecology.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is no direct information on threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known if it occurs in any protected areas.

Citation: Jay Savage 2004. Rhinella sima. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 30 March 2015.
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