Anaxyrus punctatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Anaxyrus punctatus (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Common Name(s):
English Baird's Spotted Toad, Red-spotted Toad
Bufo punctatus Baird and Girard, 1852
Bufo punctatus Baird and Girard, 1852
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-08
Assessor(s): Geoffrey Hammerson, Georgina Santos-Barrera
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from California, Nevada, central Utah, Colorado, and southwestern Kansas in the USA, south to southern Baja California and central Mexico, and to the state of Querétaro. It occurs at elevations up to about 1,980m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Mexico; United States
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1980
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is widespread and common.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species inhabits rocky canyons and gullies in deserts, grasslands, and dry woodlands. It hides under rocks, in rock crevices, or underground when inactive. Eggs and larvae develop in shallow water in temporary rain pools, spring-fed pools, and pools along intermittent streams.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in several protected areas throughout its range.

Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson, Georgina Santos-Barrera. 2010. Anaxyrus punctatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T54739A11197415. . Downloaded on 18 August 2018.
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