Amietophrynus mauritanicus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Amietophrynus mauritanicus
Species Authority: Schlegel, 1841
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Mauritanian Toad, Pantherine Toad, Berber Toad
French Crapaud de Maurétanie, Crapaud pantherin
Spanish Sapo Moruno
Bufo mauritanicus Schlegel, 1841
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (7 July 2014). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: Padial and De la Riva (2004) tentatively consider all  Bufo regularis and Bufo mauritanicus records from the Adrar as Bufo xeros.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): David Donaire-Barroso, Alfredo Salvador, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Mario García-París, Ernesto Recuero Gil, Tahar Slimani, El Hassan El Mouden, Tahar Slimani, Philippe Geniez & Ulrich Joger
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. & Temple, H.J. (Global Amphibian Assessment)

Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has a fragmented range (there is a small area of occupancy within the wide extent of occurrence) in Morocco, northern Algeria, Tunisia and the North African Spanish territories of Melilla and Ceuta. Apparently isolated populations in northern Niger and northern Mali refer to Bufo xeros (U. Joger pers. comm.); an introduced population is present on mainland Spain close to the Parque Natural los Alcornocales. It is not confirmed from the Western Sahara, although it might occur in the extreme north (Geniez et al. 2000). The species range from around sea level up to 2,650 m asl in the Atlas Mountains.
Countries occurrence:
Algeria; Morocco; Spain (Spain (mainland) - Introduced, Spanish North African Territories); Tunisia
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2650
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This is a generally abundant species.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species occurs in a wide-variety of habitats including rocky and stony areas, meadows, cork oak groves, Mediterranean scrub, and agricultural land and sometimes in urban areas. It breeds in fresh or brackish still or slow-flowing waterbodies. The females deposit approximately 5,000-10,000 eggs. During the day the adults of this species hide under rocks or in tunnels.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

There are no reports of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are generally no major threats to this widespread and adaptable species. Loss of suitable habitat and pollution resulting from development, and mortality through road kill are localized threats to some populations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in several protected areas. The species is not protected by national legislation in Morocco.

Citation: David Donaire-Barroso, Alfredo Salvador, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Mario García-París, Ernesto Recuero Gil, Tahar Slimani, El Hassan El Mouden, Tahar Slimani, Philippe Geniez & Ulrich Joger. 2009. Amietophrynus mauritanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T54703A11186984. . Downloaded on 31 May 2016.
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