Peltophryne longinasus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Peltophryne longinasus
Species Authority: (Stejneger, 1905)
Common Name(s):
English Cuban Long-nosed Toad
Bufo longinasus Stejneger, 1905

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its upland forest habitat in Cuba is declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is only known from three very small distributional pockets (Pinar del Río Province, Sierra de Trinidad, and Sierra del Guaso) in Cuba, and each of these may turn out to be separate species. It has been recorded from 100-820m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is generally an uncommon species, although one population in the west is known to be very abundant. However, the eastern population has not been found again since it was first described in the early 1900s.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in upland pinewoods and mesic broadleaf forest, and is terrestrial by day but may be arboreal at night. It has not been recorded outside forest habitat, and is always found by streams. Males call while floating on the surface of water. Eggs are laid in streams, where the larvae also develop.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is ongoing habitat loss in the upland woodlands in which it occurs from clear-cutting and subsistence logging, charcoaling, fires, and agricultural expansion.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range includes several protected areas, although these areas do not provide sufficient protection for the species. Improved management of these reserves, and strengthened protection of the remaining forest habitat, is required.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Peltophryne longinasus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
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