Incilius gemmifer


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Incilius gemmifer
Species Authority: (Taylor, 1940)
Common Name(s):
English Jeweled Toad
Spanish Sapo Joya
Bufo gemmifer Taylor, 1940
Taxonomic Notes: This species is currently under taxonomic review.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Georgina Santos-Barrera, Oscar Flores-Villela
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered, in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 5,000km2 and area of occupancy of less than 500km2, with all individuals within a very restricted area in Guerrero, Mexico, and continuing degradation of its forest habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from central coastal Guerrero, Mexico, in north-western Acapulco city.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is thought to be rare.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The primary habitat is xeric and deciduous forest, and it has never been recorded out of the lowlands near Acapulco. It is a stream-breeding amphibian.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is habitat loss due to agricultural expansion, wood extraction, and the expansion of plantations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Protection of the suburban and tropical dry areas around Acapulco represents the only chance for the survival of this species. It is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Citation: Georgina Santos-Barrera, Oscar Flores-Villela 2004. Incilius gemmifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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