|Scientific Name:||Rhinella chavin (Lehr, Kohler, Aguilar & Ponce, 2001)|
Bufo chavin Lehr, Kohler, Aguilar and Ponce, 2001
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. (Accessed: 27 January 2014).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Angulo, A., Lehr, E., Chavez, G., Icochea M. & J.|
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 288 km2, its area of occupancy (AOO) is 16 km2, it is considered to occur in one threat-defined location, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Cordillera de Carpish.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is only recorded from Chaglla village (Palma Pampa), along the trail to Huanacaure ruins (G. Chávez pers. comm. February 2017), and from Cordillera de Carpish, Huánuco Region, Peru. It is believed to have a genuinely restricted distribution, with an altitudinal range of 2,200–3,072 m asl. Its estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) is 288 km2, its estimated area of occupancy (AOO) is 16 km2, and all individuals are considered to occur at a single threat-defined location.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is uncommon and the population is decreasing due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat. During 1998–2000, 35 individuals were observed over four person-days (von May et al. 2008). One individual was observed during visual encounter surveys in November 2001, February 2002, August 2002 (Rodríguez Mercado 2007), and June 2014 (G. Chávez pers. comm. February 2018), respectively. There have not been any more recent surveys since these observations (E. Lehr pers. comm. April 2017).|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a species of primary cloud forest on the eastern Andean slopes of central Peru. It has also been found in vegetation around streams in disturbed areas at the forest edge. Its breeding habitat is not known, but it is partially arboreal and may breed in bromeliads, presumably by larval development. Gravid females contained as many as 286 eggs (Lehr et al. 2001).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||It is severely threatened by agricultural activities (especially potato cultivation) and an increase in forest fires (G. Chávez pers. comm. February 2018). Agrochemical use has also contributed to the decline of this species at known sites. Furthermore, an interstate road which crosses Cordillera de Carpish (at both sides of Chinchao river) and the developing of mining concessions in the area, are additional threats to this species and its habitat.|
The species is not known to be present in any protected areas. Due to the endemism of the Cordillera de Carpish, there is an intent to pursue formal protection for this area (E. Lehr pers. comm. April 2017). It is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) in Peru according to the Categorization in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna (Decreto Supremo Nº004-2014-MINAGRI).
Its remaining habitat is in urgent need of protection.
More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, ecology, and threats. There is a need for monitoring the population status of this species given the major threat of habitat loss.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2018. Rhinella chavin. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T54608A89196809.Downloaded on 18 August 2018.|
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