Rhinella ceratophrys


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Rhinella ceratophrys
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1882)
Common Name(s):
Spanish Sapo Cornudo
Bufo ceratophrys Boulenger, 1882

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Enrique La Marca, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Ana Almendáriz, Jose Vicente Rueda
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has a wide distribution in the upper Amazon; it is known from eastern Ecuador; eastern Colombia (Amazonia and Vaupés); Marahuaca, Venezuela and Iquitos, Peru. In Venezuela, it is known from a single juvenile specimen from Temiche, Cerro Marahuaca, Amazonas State (La Marca 1992). It has been recorded at elevations of up to 1,350m asl. It has only been collected once in Ecuador. It occurs at Serra da Neblina, Amazonas, and Brazil.
Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is common in Colombia but rare elsewhere, although perhaps it is understudied.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in old and second growth lowland tropical rainforest and it is found on the ground in primary forest (Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994). It reproduces in small rivers and temporary and permanent streams.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation is a threat to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas.

Citation: Enrique La Marca, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Ana Almendáriz, Jose Vicente Rueda 2004. Rhinella ceratophrys. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
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