Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Rhinella castaneotica
Species Authority: (Caldwell, 1991)
Common Name(s):
English Para Toad
Bufo castaneoticus Caldwell, 1991
Rhinella castaneoticus Caldwell, 1991
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This species is probably a complex of more than one species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Jose Vicente Rueda, Steffen Reichle
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in Amazonas, Colombia; eastern Peru; the states of Pará, Amazonas, and Rondonia, Brazil; and the Departamento Pando, Amazonian Bolivia.
Countries occurrence:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is locally abundant in Brazil, and locally common in Bolivia and Colombia.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives on the old growth humid forest floor and uses the water retained inside the "ouriço" of Brazil nuts to breed. It also uses small temporary pools.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in protected areas.

Citation: Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Jose Vicente Rueda, Steffen Reichle. 2004. Rhinella castaneotica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54603A11170968. . Downloaded on 07 October 2015.
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