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Rhinella arunco

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA BUFONIDAE

Scientific Name: Rhinella arunco
Species Authority: (Molina, 1782)
Synonym/s:
Bufo arunco (Molina, 1782)
Bufo arunco (Molina, 1782)
Bufo chilensis Tschudi, 1838

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-11-17
Assessor/s: Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
History:
2004 Least Concern
1996 Data Deficient (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Data Deficient
1996 Data Deficient
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has a wide distribution from Coquimbo (25°S) to Arauco Gulf (37°S), Chile, at elevations of 0-1,500m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Chile
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Large populations were seen in 2003.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs near rivers, streams and reservoirs. Adults hide in small holes or under stones during the daytime. It reproduces in water near where it lives. The tadpoles are free swimming.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat destruction is a threat to this species, as is water pollution caused by agriculture, for example pine plantations, agricultural crops and cattle.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The prevention of water pollution is needed. The species occurs in several protected areas.
Citation: Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez 2010. Rhinella arunco. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.
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