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Ghatophryne ornata

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA BUFONIDAE

Scientific Name: Ghatophryne ornata
Species Authority: (Günther, 1876)
Common Name/s:
English Malabar Torrent Toad, Black Torrent Toad, Ornate Stream Toad
Synonym/s:
Ansonia ornata Günther, 1876
Bufo pulcher Boulenger, 1882
Taxonomic Notes: There are taxonomic difficulties with this species, and it is possible that Ansonia rubigina is a synonym of it (S.D. Biju pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, M.S. Ravichandran
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known with certainty only from the type locality of "Brumagherries (Brahmagiri Hills)" and adjoining areas of Coorg, Karnataka, in the southern Western Ghats. There are also unpublished reports of this species from Kudremukh National Park (Karnataka), Silent Valley National Park and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) (Amphibian CAMP 2002). However, further survey work is needed to confirm that the species does occur at these sites (S.D. Biju pers comm.) and these additional areas are currently not included in the map for this species. It has been recorded at an altitude of around 1,000m asl.
Countries:
Native:
India
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is an uncommon species.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is presumably restricted to tropical evergreen forest. Its breeding is not known, but it presumably breeds by larval development in streams, like other members of its genus.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is continuing deforestation (mainly for the cultivation of coffee) in the Coorg area and surroundings.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is currently not known with certainty from any protected areas, and strengthened and expanded protection of the remaining forest habitat in this region of the Western Ghats is necessary. It is included as part of ongoing field studies begun in 1998 (S.D. Biju pers. comm.) .
Citation: S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, M.S. Ravichandran 2004. Ghatophryne ornata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.
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