Ansonia hanitschi 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Ansonia hanitschi Inger, 1960
Common Name(s):
English Kadamaian Stream Toad
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Robert Inger, Indraneil Das, Robert Stuebing, Maklarin Lakim, Paul Yambun
Reviewer(s): Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Stuart, S.N.
Listed as Near Threatened since although this species is still relatively widely distributed, it depends on streams in areas of undisturbed forest habitat, and so its Area of Occupancy is probably not much greater than 2,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat is declining very rapidly due to widespread forest loss within its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This Bornean endemic occurs at a number of sites within Kinabalu National Park, and the Crocker Range south of Kinabalu in Sabah, in Gunung Mulu Park in Sarawak, and also in the montane forests of Kalimantan, including Kayan Mentarang National Park in East Kalimantan. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest. Its altitudinal range is from 750-1,600 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Indonesia; Malaysia
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):750
Upper elevation limit (metres):1600
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is abundant at most locations where it has been recorded.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Adults are found on the floor of submontane and montane forests. Breeding takes place in clear, rocky mountain streams. The larvae cling to rocks in the torrents of these streams. It appears to be unable to adapt to modified habitats.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

There are no reports of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to the species is siltation of streams needed for larval development, as a result of logging in the submontane and montane forests, and the clearance of forests for cultivation.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known to be present in Kinabalu, Gunung Mulu and Kayan Mentarang National Parks.

Citation: Robert Inger, Indraneil Das, Robert Stuebing, Maklarin Lakim, Paul Yambun. 2009. Ansonia hanitschi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T54469A11150683. . Downloaded on 25 April 2018.
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