|Scientific Name:||Lepismium cruciforme|
|Species Authority:||(Vell.) Miq.|
Cactus cruciformis Vell.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Taylor, N.P., Zappi, D., Machado, M. & Braun, P.|
|Reviewer/s:||Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.|
Although there has been decline in the northern part of its range, Lepismium cruciforme is still very widespread and sufficiently common. Hence, it is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This cactus is common in southeastern and southern Brazil, southeastern Paraguay and northeastern Argentina. In Brazil, it has been recorded from eastern Pernambuco to southeastern Minas Gerais. It occurs from sea level to 1,200 m asl.|
Native:Argentina (Corrientes, Santa Fé); Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Tocantins); Paraguay
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is not that common in the north and is declining due to destruction of the Atlantic forest, but in the south of its range it is still fairly common.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This is a disjunct humid forest element: it grows as an epiphyte or lithophyte in the Atlantic forest, including mata de brejo (NE Brazil) and restinga. It is an extremely variable species, with individuals from different parts of the range looking very different from each other.|
|Major Threat(s):||In the north, in the Atlantic forest, there is considerable habitat loss due to deforestation for expanding agriculture (sugar cane) and expanding urbanization.|
|Conservation Actions:||This cactus occurs in a number of protected areas in Brazil, such as Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca and do Rio Doce.|
|Citation:||Taylor, N.P., Zappi, D., Machado, M. & Braun, P. 2013. Lepismium cruciforme. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.|
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