Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae

Scientific Name: Lepismium cruciforme
Species Authority: (Vell.) Miq.
Cactus cruciformis Vell.
Taxonomic Source(s): Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-06-03
Assessor(s): Taylor, N.P., Zappi, D., Machado, M. & Braun, P.
Reviewer(s): Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Although there has been decline in the northern part of its range, Lepismium cruciforme is still very widespread and sufficiently common. Hence, it is listed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2002 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This cactus is common in southeastern and southern Brazil, southeastern Paraguay and northeastern Argentina. In Brazil, it has been recorded from eastern Pernambuco to southeastern Minas Gerais. It occurs from sea level to 1,200 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Argentina (Corrientes, Santa Fé); Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Tocantins); Paraguay
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1200
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is not that common in the north and is declining due to destruction of the Atlantic forest, but in the south of its range it is still fairly common.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a disjunct humid forest element: it grows as an epiphyte or lithophyte in the Atlantic forest, including mata de brejo (NE Brazil) and restinga. It is an extremely variable species, with individuals from different parts of the range looking very different from each other.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In the north, in the Atlantic forest, there is considerable habitat loss due to deforestation for expanding agriculture (sugar cane) and expanding urbanization.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This cactus occurs in a number of protected areas in Brazil, such as Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca and do Rio Doce.

Citation: Taylor, N.P., Zappi, D., Machado, M. & Braun, P. 2013. Lepismium cruciforme. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T46523A3008127. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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