Pereskia aculeata 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae

Scientific Name: Pereskia aculeata Mill.
Common Name(s):
English Barbados Gooseberry, Barbados Shrub
Taxonomic Source(s): Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-06-02
Assessor(s): Taylor, N.P., Zappi, D., Braun, P. & Machado, M.
Reviewer(s): Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Pereskia aculeata is listed as Least Concern because it is common, widespread, and an aggressive invader in parts of the world where it has been introduced.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is widely distributed. It has been recorded from southeastern and southern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, eastern Argentina, Central America, the Caribbean, northern South America and in Florida in the U.S.  It was once recorded from Peru. In Brazil it occurs in Maranhão, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Ceará and Espírito Santo (Taylor and Zappi 2004, N. Taylor pers. comm. 2010).  In Venezuela, it is mainly found in the north-central part of the country in the states of Miranda, Carabobo, and Distrito Federal. It is a rare occurrence in the states of Falcón, Zuliá, Táchira, and Bolívar, Venezuela (Ponce 1989). In the Caribbean it occurs in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Lesser Antilles and Trinidad and Tobago. In northern South America it is found in    It occurs from sea level to 1,200 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Argentina; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba, Sint Eustatius); Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Sergipe); Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; French Guiana; Guyana; Haiti; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Saint Martin (French part); Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; United States (Florida); Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of (Venezuela (mainland))
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is common and widespread. The population trend is decreasing at the same rate as the forest in which it occurs; however, the species is still quite abundant.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species occurs in humid to sub-humid evergreen forests on inselbergs of gneiss or granite and also on limestone. The plant is often seen growing over vegetation and rocks. Capuchin and brown howler monkeys feed on the fruits of P. aculeata, and in some regions of Brazil they are its main dispersers (Pedroni and Sanchez 1997).
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: In rural Brazil, the leaves, stems and fruits are used for food for humans and animals (Morton 1987). The species is also cultivated.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to this species are tourist development in coastal areas and logging in forests. Where the species occurs on limestone, mining can pose a threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs at least in one reserve, the Santa Genebra Reserve in Brazil (Pedroni and Sanchez 1997). It is assumed to occur in a number of protected areas across its range.

Citation: Taylor, N.P., Zappi, D., Braun, P. & Machado, M. 2013. Pereskia aculeata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T46508A3006142. . Downloaded on 23 September 2017.
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