|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Montúfar, R. & Pitman, N.
||Valencia, R., Pitman, N., Léon-Yánez, S. & Jørgensen, P.M. (Ecuador Plants Red List Authority)
A parasitic shrub endemic to Ecuador, where it is known from two coastal locales. One collection was made in Borbón, Esmeraldas province, in 1952–53, and another at the Hacienda El Recreo, near Canoa, in Manabí province, in the nineteenth century. Not known to occur inside Ecuador’s protected areas network, but may occur inside similar habitats inside the Cotacachi-Cayapas and Cayapas-Mataje ecological reserves. Considered Critically Endangered because of the large-scale destruction of Ecuador's coastal forests over the last 50 years. No specimens of this species are housed in Ecuadorean museums. Apart from habitat destruction, no specific threats are known.