|Scientific Name:||Mapania ferruginea|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Darbyshire, I., Pollard, B.J. & Cheek, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
The collections above Kupe Village on Mt Kupe in July 1996 represented the first records of this species on continental Africa. It has subsequently been found once in the Bakossi Mts at Kodmin. It was previously known only from São Tomé and Principé where it was recorded as "a rare species…confined to fairly high altitudes" (Simpson 1992). The subpopulation at the lower altitudinal range on Mt Kupe (1,100 m) is threatened by future encroachment of agriculture and resultant forest clearance. Montane forest on São Tomé is also threatened by small-scale human encroachment.
|Range Description:||São Tomé and Principé, São Tomé: Contador (1 coll.), Macambrá, Vanhulst (1 coll.), Casa del Pico (2 coll.), Callario (1 coll.), unlocated (1 coll.); Principé: W of Pico (1 coll.); Cameroon, SW Province: Bakossi (1 coll.), Mt Kupe (2 coll.).|
Native:Cameroon; Sao Tomé and Principe (Principe, Sâo Tomé)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Occurs in montane forest undergrowth; 700–2,000 m alt.
Care should be taken to separate this taxon from the similar M. soyauxii which is recorded at lower altitudes in Cameroon; notes on the separation of these taxa can be found in Simpson (1992).
|Conservation Actions:||Enforced protection of the montane forest habitat on Mt Kupe. A survey of the São Tomé populations, this species’ stronghold, should be carried out and important areas protected where necessary.|
|Citation:||Darbyshire, I., Pollard, B.J. & Cheek, M. 2004. Mapania ferruginea. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 May 2013.|
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