|Scientific Name:||Impatiens frithii|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
Was assessed as Vulnerable (Cheek and Csiba 2002), Impatiens frithii is here reassessed as Endangered based on an estimated area of occupancy of 10 km², being known from only two broad but very fragmented (100 km interval) locations and the threats mentioned below.
|Range Description:||Recorded from Cameroon: Bakossi Mts, Kodmin area (4 collections) and Mt Etinde (4 collections). At both sites the species is locally common within its altitudinal range, although inconspicuous unless observed when flowering in the wet season. This species is conspecific in part with material named as Imaptiens sp. nov. 1 in Cable and Cheek (1998).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||First described in 2002 (Cheek and Csiba 2002), the slender, hairpin-shaped flowers of this epiphytic species are flame-red. They are produced in the wet season from stems often only 15 cm long which scramble along mossy branches of low trees and shrubs. Occurs in mossy submontane (Elfin) forest; (800–)1,100–1,700 m alt.|
|Major Threat(s):||There is a plan to expand existing plantations up the southern slopes of Mt Cameroon, including the Mt Etinde area, to the 1,000 m contour, immediately below the altitudinal range of this species. A reservoir scheme is also planned in the Bakossi Mts where the species has been found. Both schemes, even if they do not directly destroy the habitat in which the species occurs, could do so indirectly, through allowing increased human access to the area, and so encouraging tree felling and small-scale farming.|
A detailed study of this species at Kodmin-Edip would provide more precise data on population density and demography, as well as assisting in the placement of future development schemes. Botanical surveys in other parts of the Bakossi Mts, or Rumpi Hills, might yet discover more sites which would reduce the threat assessment of this taxon.
There are two conservation programmes – the Mt Kupe Forest project and the Mt Cameroon Project that have responsibility for protecting the Bakossi Mts and Mt Etinde respectively.
|Citation:||Cheek, M. 2004. Impatiens frithii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 August 2014.|