|Scientific Name:||Acanthopale decempedalis|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B2b(iii)c(iv) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
This taxon forms gregarious communities together with Brachystephanus giganteus, Mimulopsis solmsii (both Acanthaceae) and Plectranthus insignis (Labiatae), flowering together en masse on 7–9 year cycles followed by die-off and subsequent regeneration (Cheek et. al. 2000). The latter two species are widespread Afromontane taxa but the former two are restricted to the West Cameroon Uplands phytochorion. Kupe-Bakossi appears the most important area for A. decempedalis, being recorded at six locations here.
The dead woody stems of these taxa following mass-flowering years provide a source of firewood for local populations in the Bamenda Highlands.
|Range Description:||Nigeria: Cross River State (1 coll.), Equatorial Guinea: Bioko (5 coll.), Western Cameroon: Kupe-Bakossi (9 coll.), Mt Cameroon (9 coll.), Bamenda Highlands (Mt Oku: 1, elsewhere: 3 coll.).|
Native:Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea (Bioko); Nigeria
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Occurs in closed canopy submontane and montane forest understorey, occasionally in disturbed forest, (700–)1,000–2,300 m alt.|
|Major Threat(s):||Much of the montane forest in S.W. Province remains relatively undisturbed, but clearance for agriculture is widespread in the Bamenda Highlands, threatening these populations. Furthermore, the cyclical mass-flowering habit of this species results in large fluctuations in mature populations, making it susceptible to short-term stochastic change, for example local fire events or landslides which could decimate seedling populations.|
|Conservation Actions:||The current population sizes in terms of both number of individuals and area of occupancy should be assessed as this is not clear from the specimen data. A better understanding of the flowering cycle of this community should be gained, including population fluctuations between cycles. Bamenda Highlands populations outside protected areas may provide valuable information on how immature populations respond to increased anthropogenic pressures.|
|Citation:||Darbyshire, I. 2004. Acanthopale decempedalis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.|
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