Map_thumbnail_large_font

Canacomyrica monticola

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_onStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA MYRICALES MYRICACEAE

Scientific Name: Canacomyrica monticola
Species Authority: Guillaumin

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iv,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Herbert, J.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)
Justification:
Canacomyrica monticola is known to occur in eleven localities in the south of Grande Terre, New Caledonia where it grows exclusively on ultramafic substrates. Of these localities, six are afforded no official protection and disturbance has been observed at the Mont Mamié site. There is evidence of disturbance caused by mining prospection at the Ouinné site and the Nembrou site is potentially threatened by bush fire (J. Manaute and T. Jaffré pers. comms.). C. monticola is estimated to have an EOO of 1,500 km². Within this area its distribution is severely fragmented. If the population at Mt Bouo where C. monticola occurs in an area of approximately 100 m² is typical, then it would suggest that local distribution is very limited. Whilst it is inappropriate to make an estimate of total area of occupancy (AOO) based on one observation alone, it is possible to state that AOO is significantly less than EOO. Continuing decline is projected in EOO, AOO and number of locations. Continuing decline in number of mature individuals is inferred at the Mont Mamié, Ouinné and Nembrou sites. It is therefore recommended that C. monticola be listed as Endangered (EN B1ab(i,ii,iv,v)).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This monotypic genus is confined to the southern province of New Caledonia. The species occurs at eleven localities. The numbers of mature individuals are unknown.
Countries:
Native:
New Caledonia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Limited to ultramafic (or serpentine) geology which covers an area of 5,500 km². Occurs in primary moist forest at high altitudes (mostly above 800 m) and wet scrub at lower altitudes (500–800 m). Probably wind pollinated, fruits may be animal dispersed, low seed fertility observed.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Mining - two localities known to be affected, all unprotected localities vulnerable due to the geology.
Bush fire - one locality known to be threatened, others are likely to be threatened by fire.
Logging - possible threat in unprotected sites.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Five localities are currently protected (Strict Nature Reserve of Montagne des Sources, Special Fauna and Flora Reserve of Mt Kouakoué, Specila Botanical Reserve of Mt Humboldt and Special Fauna and Flora Reserve of Forêt de Saille).

Citation: Herbert, J. 2004. Canacomyrica monticola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 September 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided