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Euphorbia tirucalli

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA EUPHORBIALES EUPHORBIACEAE

Scientific Name: Euphorbia tirucalli
Species Authority: L.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Haevermans, T.
Reviewer(s): Rajeriarison, C., Labat, J.N., Lowry, P. & Randrianjohany, E. (Madagascar Plants RLA)
Justification:
The species is present in all the tropical parts of the world and is LC in Madagascar, where is has a very large extent of occurrence (992,459 km²) and area of occupancy (192,483 km²). There are some threats, but these do not yet trigger a threatened status.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is present in all the tropical parts of the world and is common throughout its range. The modern distribution of this species appears to have become confused by introductions and subsequent naturalization (it has a long history of utilization be people), so it is hard to know which countries are part of the original range.
Countries:
Native:
Angola (Angola); Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Madagascar; Mozambique; Rwanda; South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Zambia
Introduced:
Ghana; India; Philippines; Viet Nam
Present - origin uncertain:
Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sao Tomé and Principe; Somalia; South Sudan; Sudan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Usually in dry and moist thicket and savanna-type vegetation. This species is used to feed cattle and is widely used as a hedge plant. The latex is used sometimes as a fish poison, and at one time was exploited, although not very successfully, in the production of rubber. The latex apparently has too high a resin content.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat degradation, fire, habitat clearing for charcoal.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occurs in a large number of protected areas. Listed under CITES Appendix II.

Citation: Haevermans, T. 2004. Euphorbia tirucalli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 December 2014.
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