Melanoides pupiformis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Melanoides pupiformis
Species Authority: (Smith, 1877)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2004-05-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Kaunda, E., Magombo, Z., Kahwa, D. & Mailosa, A.
Reviewer(s): Seddon, M.B. & Kristensen, T. (Mollusc Red List Authority)
This species is close to meeting the Vulnerable category. The EOO is less than 20,000km² based on its presence at only two sites in Lake Malawi down to 21 m, though it is possibly more widely distributed. The threats facing this species are localised and dispersed, and it is therefore assessed as Near Threatened.
2004 Near Threatened

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Lake Malawi. This species is known from Mbamba and Monkey Bay.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population densities provided in Genner and Michel (2003) for mixed Malawi Melanoides state a max of 1370 individuals/m2. Louda et al. (1983) state 123 individuals/m2 at Cape Maclear in shallow water.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in soft sediment (silt, sand, fine gravel) in Lake Malawi.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The potential threats are sedimentation and pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available.

Citation: Kaunda, E., Magombo, Z., Kahwa, D. & Mailosa, A. 2010. Melanoides pupiformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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