|Scientific Name:||Euphorbia kuwaleana O.Deg. & Sherff|
Chamaesyce kuwaleana (O.Deg. & Sherff) O.Deg. & I.Deg.
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. and Lorence, D.H. 2005 onwards. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website. Available at: http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered C2a(ii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.|
|Reviewer(s):||Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
Chamaesyce kuwaleana is endemic to the island of O'ahu, Hawaii. The species occurs only on a series of ridges at the northern end of Lualualei Valley in the Waianae Mountains of O'ahu. This series of ridges covers a distance of only 4 km. The estimated 2,000 existing plants are threatened by alien plants and fire.
|Range Description:||Chamaesyce kuwaleana is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. It occurs on O'ahu.|
Native:United States (Hawaiian Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A shrub, 0.2-0.9 m tall, occurring on arid basaltic cliffs, exposed rocky dry ridges and on sparsely vegetated steep cliffs.|
|Major Threat(s):||Threats to C. kuwaleana include competition from alien plants species (Leucaena leucocephala and Cenchrus ciliaris), fire, and vulnerability due to the small number of subpopulations (USFWS 1995).|
This species is being propagated at the National Tropical Botanical Garden (S. Smith, pers. comm. 1997).
Federally and state listed as endangered.
|Citation:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Euphorbia kuwaleana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003: e.T44133A10862862.Downloaded on 18 March 2018.|
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