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Cyanea crispa 

Scope: Global
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Campanulales Campanulaceae

Scientific Name: Cyanea crispa
Species Authority: (Gaudich.) Lammers, Givnish & Sytsma
Taxonomic Notes: Synonym = Rollandia crispa.

Information from NatureServe (2003): "Tom Lammers et al. (1993) have merged all of the species of the endemic Hawaiian genus Rollandia under Cyanea. Kartesz 8/98 review draft dataset agrees, treating this as Cyanea crispa".

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered D ver 3.1
Year Published: 2003
Date Assessed: 2003-04-30
Annotations:
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.
Reviewer(s): Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)
Justification:
Cyanea crispa is endemic to the island of Oahu, Hawaii. It is known from five subpopulations totaling 30–50 individuals. Main threats to the species include pigs, rats, weeds, landslides and possibly invertebrates. Reduced reproductive vigor due to the small number of remaining individuals, their limited gene pool, and restricted distribution is also a threat to this species.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Cyanea crispa is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Occurs in the Koolau Mts. on Oahu.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
United States (Hawaiian Is.)
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Habitats range from steep, open mesic forests to gentle slopes or moist gullies in closed wet forest.
Systems:Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats include pigs, rats, weeds, landslides and possibly invertebrates. Reduced reproductive vigor due to the small number of remaining individuals, their limited gene pool, and restricted distribution is also a threat to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is being propagated at the Lyon Arboretum and the National Tropical Botanical Garden (G. Koob and S. Smith, pers. comms. 1997). Federally and state listed as endangered.

Citation: Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Cyanea crispa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003: e.T44092A10851253. . Downloaded on 30 July 2016.
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