|Scientific Name:||Cyanea crispa (Gaudich.) Lammers, Givnish & Sytsma|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Synonym = Rollandia crispa.
Information from NatureServe (2003): "Tom Lammers et al. (1993) have merged all of the species of the endemic Hawaiian genus Rollandia under Cyanea. Kartesz 8/98 review draft dataset agrees, treating this as Cyanea crispa".
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered D ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.|
|Reviewer(s):||Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
Cyanea crispa is endemic to the island of Oahu, Hawaii. It is known from five subpopulations totaling 30–50 individuals. Main threats to the species include pigs, rats, weeds, landslides and possibly invertebrates. Reduced reproductive vigor due to the small number of remaining individuals, their limited gene pool, and restricted distribution is also a threat to this species.
|Range Description:||Cyanea crispa is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Occurs in the Koolau Mts. on Oahu.|
Native:United States (Hawaiian Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitats range from steep, open mesic forests to gentle slopes or moist gullies in closed wet forest.|
|Major Threat(s):||Threats include pigs, rats, weeds, landslides and possibly invertebrates. Reduced reproductive vigor due to the small number of remaining individuals, their limited gene pool, and restricted distribution is also a threat to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is being propagated at the Lyon Arboretum and the National Tropical Botanical Garden (G. Koob and S. Smith, pers. comms. 1997). Federally and state listed as endangered.|
|Citation:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Cyanea crispa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003: e.T44092A10851253.Downloaded on 23 November 2017.|
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