|Scientific Name:||Scirpus bicolor|
|Species Authority:||(Carmich.) Spreng.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Synonym = Isolepis bicolor Carmich.
This is an extremely variable species; Hooper (1968) discriminates two varieties. Many more taxa were described by earlier authors but are unlikely to be of taxonomic value.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Jakubowsky, G. (University of Vienna, Institute of Botany)|
|Reviewer/s:||Cronk, Q. & Cairns-Wicks, R. (South Atlantic Island Plants Red List Authority)|
The species is widespread and common on all four islands: Tristan da Cunha, Inaccessible Island, Nightingale Island, Gough Island. (literature, collections at K and BM, personal observations).
|Range Description:||Endemic to Tristan da Cunha (Tristan da Cunca, Inaccessible Island, Nightingale Island, Gough Island). Extent of occurrence c. 160 km², area of occupancy only slightly less. The species is common and occurs almost continuously on all four islands.|
Native:Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (Tristan da Cunha)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species is common in most plant associations: Blechnum palmiforme heath, Blechnum penna-marina heath, Phylica arborea woodland, also on bare soil and colonizing the lava of the 1961 eruption on the main island.|
|Conservation Actions:||Gough Island is a World Heritage Site since 1995, Inaccessible Island is a Nature Reserve.|
|Citation:||Jakubowsky, G. (University of Vienna, Institute of Botany) 2003. Scirpus bicolor. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.|
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